11th St & 12th St between Avenue B & Avenue A

Welcome to a wild place: this block in 1609! Through the tabs below, discover the wildlife, Native American use, and landscape factors of this block's original ecology, as reconstructed by the Mannahatta Project. You can also explore the block today and sponsor the Mannahatta Project into the future.

 

Find out what plants and animals might have lived in this block in September 1609. Click on the common name to see that species in the center of the Muir web; click on the scientific name to learn more about the ecology of the species.

 
Common Name Scientific Name Probability
 
red maple Acer rubrum L.
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Walt.
starved panicgrass Dichanthelium depauperatum (Muhl.)Gould
intermediate woodfern Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl.exWilld.)Gray
prairie fleabane Erigeron strigosus Muhl.exWilld.
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.)Planch.
black cherry Prunus serotina Ehrh.
roundleaf greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia L.
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium L.
marsh blue violet Viola cucullata Ait.
sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua L.
western brackenfern Pteridium aquilinum (L.)Kuhn
Allegheny blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Porter
Virginia threeseed mercury Acalypha virginica L.
American chestnut Castanea dentata (Marsh.)Borkh.
white wood aster Eurybia divaricata (L.)Nesom
cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea L.
red chokeberry Photinia pyrifolia (Lam.)Robertson&Phipps
northern red oak Quercus rubra L.
flameleaf sumac Rhus copallinum L.
mapleleaf viburnum Viburnum acerifolium L.
nimblewill Muhlenbergia schreberi J.F.Gmel.
sweetflag Acorus americanus (Raf.)Raf.
northern water plantain Alisma triviale Pursh
tall thimbleweed Anemone virginiana L.
smooth rockcress Arabis laevigata (Muhl.exWilld.)Poir.
butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa L.
common ladyfern Athyrium filix-femina (L.)Roth
smooth yellow false foxglove Aureolaria flava (L.)Farw.
devil's beggartick Bidens frondosa L.
fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Michx.
pignut hickory Carya glabra (P.Mill.)Sweet
American bittersweet Celastrus scandens L.
common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis L.
white turtlehead Chelone glabra L.
striped prince's pine Chimaphila maculata (L.)Pursh
spotted water hemlock Cicuta maculata L.
scaldweed Cuscuta gronovii Willd.exJ.A.Schultes
fragrant flatsedge Cyperus odoratus L.
strawcolored flatsedge Cyperus strigosus L.
eastern hayscented fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.)T.Moore
prostrate ticktrefoil Desmodium rotundifolium DC.
marginal woodfern Dryopteris marginalis (L.)Gray
American burnweed Erechtites hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC.
trumpetweed Eupatorium fistulosum Barratt
red fescue Festuca rubra L.
Virginia strawberry Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
rough bedstraw Galium asprellum Michx.
licorice bedstraw Galium circaezans Michx.
fragrant bedstraw Galium triflorum Michx.
black huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata (Wangenh.)K.Koch
spotted geranium Geranium maculatum L.
cream avens Geum virginianum L.
American witchhazel Hamamelis virginiana L.
rough hawkweed Hieracium scabrum Michx.
spotted St. Johnswort Hypericum punctatum Lam.
harlequin blueflag Iris versicolor L.
common rush Juncus effusus L.
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana L.
mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia L.
Canada lettuce Lactuca canadensis L.
trailing lespedeza Lespedeza procumbens Michx.
woodland flax Linum virginianum L.
trumpet honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens L.
marsh seedbox Ludwigia palustris (L.)Ell.
lowland yellow loosestrife Lysimachia hybrida Michx.
Allegheny monkeyflower Mimulus ringens L.
partridgeberry Mitchella repens L.
rock muhly Muhlenbergia sobolifera (Muhl.exWilld.)Trin.
American white waterlily Nymphaea odorata Ait.ssp.odorata
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
devil's-tongue Opuntia humifusa (Raf.)Raf.
oneflowered broomrape Orobanche uniflora L.
royal fern Osmunda regalis L.
golden ragwort Packera aurea (L.)A.&D.Löve
switchgrass Panicum virgatum L.
ditch stonecrop Penthorum sedoides L.
broad beechfern Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.)Fée
common reed Phragmites australis (Cav.)Trin.exSteud.
American lopseed Phryma leptostachya L.
clammy groundcherry Physalis heterophylla Nees
pitch pine Pinus rigida P.Mill.
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis L.
halberdleaf tearthumb Polygonum arifolium L.
dotted smartweed Polygonum punctatum Ell.
arrowleaf tearthumb Polygonum sagittatum L.
climbing false buckwheat Polygonum scandens L.
Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.)Schott
marsh mermaidweed Proserpinaca palustris L.
cursed buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus L.
Carolina rose Rosa carolina L.
swamp rose Rosa palustris Marsh.
bristly dewberry Rubus hispidus L.
greater water dock Rumex orbiculatus Gray
broadleaf arrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Willd.
lizard's tail Saururus cernuus L.
early saxifrage Saxifraga virginiensis Michx.
meadow spikemoss Selaginella apoda (L.)Spring
wreath goldenrod Solidago caesia L.
gray goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Ait.
branched bur-reed Sparganium androcladum (Engelm.)Morong
swamp wedgescale Sphenopholis pensylvanica (L.)A.S.Hitchc.
Skunk Cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus
king of the meadow Thalictrum pubescens Pursh
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.)Nieuwl.
Virginia marsh St. Johnswort Triadenum virginicum (L.)Raf.
clasping Venus' looking-glass Triodanis perfoliata (L.)Nieuwl.
broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia L.
highbush blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum L.
New York ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis (L.)Michx.
bog white violet Viola lanceolata L.
early blue violet Viola palmata L.
arrowleaf violet Viola sagittata Ait.
fox grape Vitis labrusca L.
hairy lespedeza Lespedeza hirta (L.)Hornem.
densetuft hairsedge Bulbostylis capillaris (L.)KunthexC.B.Clarke
flat-top goldentop Euthamia graminifolia (L.)Nutt.
roundlobe hepatica Hepatica nobilis Schreb.var.obtusa(Pursh)Steyermark
groundcedar Lycopodium complanatum L.
chairmaker's bulrush Schoenoplectus americanus (Pers.)Volk.exSchinz&R.Keller
smallspike false nettle Boehmeria cylindrica (L.)Sw.
northern water-starwort Callitriche hermaphroditica L.
parasol sedge Carex umbellata SchkuhrexWilld.
common hackberry Celtis occidentalis L.
silky dogwood Cornus amomum P.Mill.
whitegrass Leersia virginica Willd.
Virginia mountainmint Pycnanthemum virginianum (L.)T.Dur.&B.D.JacksonexB.L.Robins.&Fern.
black oak Quercus velutina Lam.
smooth blackberry Rubus canadensis L.
Pennsylvania catchfly Silene caroliniana Walt.ssp.pensylvanica(Michx.)Clausen
common evening-primrose Oenothera biennis L.
anisescented goldenrod Solidago odora Ait.
forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum L.
cardinalflower Lobelia cardinalis L.
Canadian anemone Anemone canadensis L.
Indianhemp Apocynum cannabinum L.
yellow thistle Cirsium horridulum Michx.
pasture thistle Cirsium pumilum (Nutt.)Spreng.
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum L.
Allegheny hawkweed Hieracium paniculatum L.
flaxleaf whitetop aster Ionactis linariifolius (L.)Greene
Indian-tobacco Lobelia inflata L.
whorled milkwort Polygala verticillata L.
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.)Nash
Canada germander Teucrium canadense L.
purpletop tridens Tridens flavus (L.)A.S.Hitchc.
devil's darning needles Clematis virginiana L.
bigleaf aster Eurybia macrophylla (L.)Cass.
chestnut oak Quercus prinus L.
slender threeseed mercury Acalypha gracilens Gray
slenderleaf false foxglove Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl)Raf.
winter bentgrass Agrostis hyemalis (Walt.)B.S.P.
upland bentgrass Agrostis perennans (Walt.)Tuckerman
speckled alder Alnus incana (L.)Moenchssp.rugosa(DuRoi)Clausen
hazel alder Alnus serrulata (Ait.)Willd.
Canadian serviceberry Amelanchier canadensis (L.)Medik.
lyrate rockcress Arabis lyrata L.
slimspike threeawn Aristida longispica Poir.
oval-leaf sedge Carex cephalophora Muhl.exWilld.
Pennsylvania sedge Carex pensylvanica Lam.
mockernut hickory Carya alba (L.)Nutt.
pipsissewa Chimaphila umbellata (L.)W.Bart.
black bugbane Cimicifuga racemosa (L.)Nutt.
American hazelnut Corylus americana Walt.
moccasin flower Cypripedium acaule Ait.
Dillenius' ticktrefoil Desmodium glabellum (Michx.)DC.
smooth small-leaf ticktrefoil Desmodium marilandicum (L.)DC.
nakedflower ticktrefoil Desmodium nudiflorum (L.)DC.
panicledleaf ticktrefoil Desmodium paniculatum (L.)DC.
threeway sedge Dulichium arundinaceum (L.)Britt.
elliptic spikerush Eleocharis elliptica Kunth
purpleleaf willowherb Epilobium coloratum Biehler
field horsetail Equisetum arvense L.
roundleaf thoroughwort Eupatorium rotundifolium L.
rattlesnakeweed Hieracium venosum L.
butternut Juglans cinerea L.
hairy pinweed Lechea mucronata Raf.
violet lespedeza Lespedeza violacea (L.)Pers.
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica L.
American water horehound Lycopus americanus Muhl.exW.Bart.
maleberry Lyonia ligustrina (L.)DC.
earth loosestrife Lysimachia terrestris (L.)B.S.P.
northern bayberry Morella pensylvanica (Mirbel) Kartesz
northern evening-primrose Oenothera parviflora L.
witchgrass Panicum capillare L.
Canadian lousewort Pedicularis canadensis L.
black chokeberry Photinia melanocarpa (Michx.)Robertson&Phipps
swamp smartweed Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx.
jumpseed Polygonum virginianum L.
eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides Bartr.exMarsh.
quaking aspen Populus tremuloides Michx.
dwarf cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis L.
common cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Michx.
narrowleaf mountainmint Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Schrad.
American wintergreen Pyrola americana Sweet
white oak Quercus alba L.
scarlet oak Quercus coccinea Muenchh.
littleleaf buttercup Ranunculus abortivus L.
blisterwort Ranunculus recurvatus Poir.
swamp azalea Rhododendron viscosum (L.)Torr.
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis L.
Pennsylvania blackberry Rubus pensilvanicus Poir.
pussy willow Salix discolor Muhl.
black willow Salix nigra Marsh.
softstem bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C.Gmel.)Palla
toothed whitetop aster Sericocarpus asteroides (L.)B.S.P.
white goldenrod Solidago bicolor L.
Canada goldenrod Solidago canadensis L.
pale false mannagrass Torreyochloa pallida (Torr.)Church
starflower Trientalis borealis Raf.
seaside arrowgrass Triglochin maritimum L.
Blue Ridge blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Ait.
green false hellebore Veratrum viride Ait.
summer grape Vitis aestivalis Michx.
common serviceberry Amelanchier arborea (Michx.f.)Fern.
sand bittercress Cardamine parviflora L.
Virginia water horehound Lycopus virginicus L.
whorled yellow loosestrife Lysimachia quadrifolia L.
spring forget-me-not Myosotis verna Nutt.
violet woodsorrel Oxalis violacea L.
widowsfrill Silene stellata (L.)Ait.f.
white vervain Verbena urticifolia L.
woman's tobacco Antennaria plantaginifolia (L.)Richards.
swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata L.
common milkweed Asclepias syriaca L.
New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus L.
American golden saxifrage Chrysosplenium americanum Schwein.exHook.
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta (L.)Coville
roundhead lespedeza Lespedeza capitata Michx.
prairie wedgescale Sphenopholis obtusata (Michx.)Scribn.
eastern poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans (L.)Kuntze
swamp verbena Verbena hastata L.
purple milkweed Asclepias purpurascens L.
eyebane Chamaesyce nutans (Lag.)Small
coastal sweetpepperbush Clethra alnifolia L.
gray dogwood Cornus racemosa Lam.
Virginia rose Rosa virginiana P.Mill.
rue anemone Thalictrum thalictroides (L.)Eames&Boivin
riverbank grape Vitis riparia Michx.
groundnut Apios americana Medik.
showy ticktrefoil Desmodium canadense (L.)DC.
dogtooth violet Erythronium americanum Ker-Gawl.
tall blue lettuce Lactuca biennis (Moench)Fern.
annual ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.
common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta L.
early meadow-rue Thalictrum dioicum L.
northern maidenhair Adiantum pedatum L.
white colicroot Aletris farinosa L.
poverty oatgrass Danthonia spicata (L.)Beauv.exRoemer&J.A.Schultes
Canada mayflower Maianthemum canadense Desf.
common blue violet Viola sororia Willd.
common duckweed Lemna minor L.
Pennsylvania smartweed Persicaria pensylvanica (L.) M. Gómez
Norwegian cinquefoil Potentilla norvegica L.
boxelder Acer negundo L.
silver maple Acer saccharinum L.
smallflower false foxglove Agalinis paupercula (Gray)Britt.
Allegheny serviceberry Amelanchier laevis Wiegand
western pearly everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea (L.)Benth.
field pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Greene
spreading dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium L.
red columbine Aquilegia canadensis L.
sicklepod Arabis canadensis L.
tower rockcress Arabis glabra (L.)Bernh.
downy yellow false foxglove Aureolaria virginica (L.)Pennell
gray birch Betula nigra L.
yellow marsh marigold Calopogon tuberosus (L.)B.S.P.
bulbous bittercress Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb.exMuhl.)B.S.P.
Hitchcock's sedge Carex hitchcockiana Dewey
bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.)K.Koch
mat sandbur Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.)Fern.
partridge pea Chamaecrista nictitans (L.)Moench
sweet fern Comptonia peregrina (L.)Coult.
roundleaf dogwood Cornus rugosa Lam.
Great Plains flatsedge Cyperus lupulinus (Spreng.)Marcks ssp.lupulinus
bulblet bladderfern Cystopteris bulbifera (L.)Bernh.
northern bush honeysuckle Diervilla lonicera P.Mill.
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana L.
crested woodfern Dryopteris cristata (L.)Gray
bald spikerush Eleocharis erythropoda Steud.
beaked spikerush Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.)Torr.
eastern bottlebrush grass Elymus hystrix L.
marsh willowherb Epilobium palustre L.
Philadelphia fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus L.
hyssopleaf thoroughwort Eupatorium hyssopifolium L.
hairy umbrella-sedge Fuirena squarrosa Michx.
lanceleaf wild licorice Galium lanceolatum Torr.
thinleaf sunflower Helianthus decapetalus L.
woodland sunflower Helianthus divaricatus L.
lesser Canadian St. Johnswort Hypericum canadense L.
black walnut Juglans nigra L.
tapertip rush Juncus acuminatus Michx.
jointleaf rush Juncus articulatus L.
grassleaf rush Juncus marginatus Rostk.
knotted rush Juncus nodosus L.
poverty rush Juncus tenuis Willd.
Illinois pinweed Lechea racemulosa Michx.
turk's-cap lily Lilium superbum L.
yellow widelip orchid Liparis loeselii (L.)L.C.Rich.
sweet crabapple Malus coronaria (L.)P.Mill.
goldenclub Orontium aquaticum L.
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana (P.Mill.)K.Koch
warty panicgrass Panicum verrucosum Muhl.
Pennsylvania pellitory Parietaria pensylvanica Muhl.exWilld.
fen grass of Parnassus Parnassia glauca Raf.
Virginia groundcherry Physalis virginiana P.Mill.
eastern white pine Pinus strobus L.
heartleaf plantain Plantago cordata Lam.
palegreen orchid Platanthera flava (L.)Lindl.
water knotweed Polygonum amphibium L.
tall rattlesnakeroot Prenanthes altissima L.
basil mountainmint Pycnanthemum clinopodioides Torr.&Gray
greater creeping spearwort Ranunculus flammula L.
Pennsylvania buttercup Ranunculus pensylvanicus L.f.
American black currant Ribes americanum P.Mill.
grassy arrowhead Sagittaria graminea Michx.
Missouri River willow Salix eriocephala Michx.
river bulrush Schoenoplectus fluviatilis (Torr.)M.T.Strong
woodland bulrush Scirpus expansus Fern.
narrowleaf whitetop aster Sericocarpus linifolius (L.)B.S.P.
oneseed burr cucumber Sicyos angulatus L.
narrowleaf blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium P.Mill.
composite dropseed Sporobolus compositus (Poir.)Merr.
white panicle aster Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (Willd.)Nesomssp.lanceolatumvar.lanceolatum
Lowrie's blue wood aster Symphyotrichum lowrieanum (Porter)Nesom
lowbush blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.
narrowleaf vervain Verbena simplex Lehm.
sixweeks fescue Vulpia octoflora (Walt.)Rydb.
walking fern Asplenium rhizophyllum L.
maidenhair spleenwort Asplenium trichomanes L.
purplestem beggarticks Bidens connata Muhl.exWilld.
Muhlenberg's sedge Carex muehlenbergii SchkuhrexWilld.
Virginia springbeauty Claytonia virginica L.
rock harlequin Corydalis sempervirens (L.)Pers.
deertongue Dichanthelium clandestinum (L.)Gould
sweetscented joepyeweed Eupatorium purpureum L.
greater fringed gentian Gentianopsis crinita (Froel.)Ma
queendevil Hieracium gronovii L.
marsh pea Lathyrus palustris L.
northern bugleweed Lycopus uniflorus Michx.
pinesap Monotropa hypopithys L.
purple cliffbrake Pellaea atropurpurea (L.)Link
swamp white oak Quercus bicolor Willd.
low spearwort Ranunculus pusillus Poir.
New England aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.)Nesom
southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum L.
rusty woodsia Woodsia ilvensis (L.)R.Br.
sweet birch Bartonia virginica (L.)B.S.P.
cockspur hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli L.
jewelweed Impatiens capensis Meerb.
purple milkwort Polygala sanguinea L.
erect knotweed Polygonum erectum L.
prairie willow Salix humilis Marsh.
silky willow Salix sericea Marsh.
northern slender ladies'-tresses Spiranthes lacera (Raf.)Raf.var.gracilis(Bigelow)Luer
hyssopleaf hedgenettle Stachys hyssopifolia Michx.
eastern marsh fern Thelypteris palustris Schott
bashful bulrush Trichophorum planifolium (Spreng.)Palla
birdfoot violet Viola pedata L.
nightcaps Anemone quinquefolia L.
paper birch Betula lenta L.
nodding beggartick Bidens cernua L.
low false bindweed Calystegia spithamaea (L.)Pursh
Emmons' sedge Carex albicans Willd.exSpreng.var.emmonsii(DeweyexTorr.)J.Rettig
bristleleaf sedge Carex eburnea Boott
hop sedge Carex lupulina Muhl.exWilld.
broadleaf sedge Carex platyphylla Carey
Schweinitz's sedge Carex schweinitzii DeweyexSchwein.
squarrose sedge Carex squarrosa L.
enchanter's nightshade Circaea lutetiana
stiff dogwood Cornus florida L.
redosier dogwood Cornus sericea L.
blue waxweed Cuphea viscosissima Jacq.
lesser yellow lady's slipper Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb.
flattened oatgrass Danthonia compressa AustinexPeck
wavy hairgrass Deschampsia flexuosa (L.)Trin.
hoary ticktrefoil Desmodium canescens (L.)DC.
smooth ticktrefoil Desmodium laevigatum (Nutt.)DC.
Nuttall's ticktrefoil Desmodium nuttallii (Schindl.)Schub.
bog willowherb Epilobium leptophyllum Raf.
black ash Fraxinus nigra Marsh.
downy rattlesnake plantain Goodyera pubescens (Willd.)R.Br.exAit.f.
fan clubmoss Lycopodium digitatum Dill. ex A. Braun
yellow pond-lily Nuphar lutea (L.)Sm.
stiff goldenrod Oligoneuron rigidum (L.)Smallvar.rigidum
northern adderstongue Ophioglossum pusillum Raf.
procession flower Polygala incarnata L.
bushy knotweed Polygonum ramosissimum Michx.
rabbittobacco Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (L.)Hilliard&Burtt
Torrey's mountainmint Pycnanthemum torrei Benth.
lyreleaf sage Salvia lyrata L.
common elderberry Sambucus nigra L.ssp.canadensis(L.)R.Bolli
shiny wedgescale Sphenopholis nitida (Biehler)Scribn.
smooth white oldfield aster Symphyotrichum racemosum (Ell.)Nesom
poison sumac Toxicodendron vernix (L.)Kuntze
feverwort Triosteum perfoliatum L.
narrowleaf cattail Typha angustifolia L.
Culver's root Veronicastrum virginicum (L.)Farw.
purple false foxglove Agalinis purpurea (L.)Pennell
great ragweed Ambrosia trifida L.
candle anemone Anemone cylindrica Gray
Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum (L.)Schott
yellow screwstem Betula papyrifera Marsh.
swamp thistle Cirsium muticum Michx.
whitemouth dayflower Commelina erecta L.
giant sunflower Helianthus giganteus L.
Torrey's rush Juncus torreyi Coville
swamp doghobble Leucothoe racemosa (L.)Gray
devil's bite Liatris scariosa (L.)Willd.
rare clubmoss Lycopodium obscurum L.
fringed loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata L.
thicket bean Phaseolus polystachios (L.)B.S.P.
yellow fringed orchid Platanthera ciliaris (L.)Lindl.
green fringed orchid Platanthera lacera (Michx.)G.Don
brownish beaksedge Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.)Vahl
rosepink Sabatia angularis (L.)Pursh
eastern swamp saxifrage Saxifraga pensylvanica L.
blue skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora L.
roundleaf goldenrod Solidago patula Muhl.exWilld.
steeplebush Spiraea tomentosa L.
white heath aster Symphyotrichum ericoides (L.)Nesomvar.ericoides
sessileleaf bellwort Uvularia sessilifolia L.
tall hairy agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala Wallr.
red hickory Carya ovalis (Wangenh.)Sarg.
summer coralroot Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.)Raf.
autumn coralroot Corallorrhiza odontorhiza (Willd.)Poir.
stiff ticktrefoil Desmodium obtusum (Muhl.exWilld.)DC.
spinulose woodfern Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.)H.P.Fuchs
wild cucumber Echinocystis lobata (Michx.)Torr.&Gray
Canada wildrye Elymus canadensis L.
Virginia wildrye Elymus virginicus L.
scouringrush horsetail Equisetum hyemale L.
lace grass Eragrostis capillaris (L.)Nees
creeping mannagrass Glyceria acutiflora Torr.
piedmont staggerbush Lyonia mariana (L.)D.Don
sharpwing monkeyflower Mimulus alatus Ait.
clustered mille graines Oldenlandia uniflora L.
American pokeweed Phytolacca americana L.
sweetscent Pluchea odorata (L.)Cass.
common hoptree Ptelea trifoliata L.
purpleflowering raspberry Rubus odoratus L.
marsh rose gentian Sabatia dodecandra (L.)B.S.P.
lanceleaf figwort Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh
carpenter's square Scrophularia marilandica L.
common blue wood aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium (L.)Nesom
purple meadowparsnip Thaspium trifoliatum (L.)Grayvar.aureumBritt.
slippery elm Ulmus rubra Muhl.
bluntlobe cliff fern Woodsia obtusa (Spreng.)Torr.
netted chainfern Woodwardia areolata (L.)T.Moore
yellow giant hyssop Agastache nepetoides (L.)Kuntze
whorled milkweed Asclepias verticillata L.
fringed brome Bromus ciliatus L.
sleepingplant Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.)Greene
scarlet hawthorn Crataegus pedicellata Sarg.
bearded flatsedge Cyperus squarrosus L.
slender goldentop Euthamia tenuifolia (Pursh)Nutt.
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh.
smooth Solomon's seal Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.)Ell.
pleatleaf knotweed Polygonum tenue Michx.
pin cherry Prunus pensylvanica L.f.
clustered mountainmint Pycnanthemum muticum (Michx.)Pers.
sleepy silene Silene antirrhina L.
eastern hemlock Tsuga canadensis (L.)Carr.
Virginia chainfern Woodwardia virginica (L.)Sm.
bushy bluestem Andropogon glomeratus (Walt.)B.S.P.
broomsedge bluestem Andropogon virginicus L.
crowned beggarticks Bidens coronata (L.)Britt.
fairywand Chamaelirium luteum (L.)Gray
brittle bladderfern Cystopteris fragilis (L.)Bernh.
velvet panicum Dichanthelium scoparium (Lam.)Gould
wild yam Dioscorea villosa L.
teal lovegrass Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.)B.S.P.
blue huckleberry Gaylussacia frondosa (L.)Torr.&GrayexTorr.
harvestbells Gentiana saponaria L.
rattlesnake mannagrass Glyceria canadensis (Michx.)Trin.
vanilla grass Hierochloe odorata (L.)Beauv.
common winterberry Ilex verticillata (L.)Gray
wood lily Lilium philadelphicum L.
brown widelip orchid Liparis liliifolia (L.)L.C.Rich.exKer-Gawl.
red mulberry Morus rubra L.
wild Job's tears Onosmodium virginianum (L.)A.DC.
mayapple Podophyllum peltatum L.
hoary mountainmint Pycnanthemum incanum (L.)Michx.
dwarf chinkapin oak Quercus prinoides Willd.
post oak Quercus stellata Wangenh.
sand blackberry Rubus cuneifolius Pursh
marsh skullcap Scutellaria galericulata L.
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Walt.
smooth carrionflower Smilax herbacea L.
New York aster Symphyotrichum novi-belgii (L.)Nesom
eastern gamagrass Tripsacum dactyloides (L.)L.
perfoliate bellwort Uvularia perfoliata L.
hobblebush Viburnum lantanoides Michx.
yellow birch Betula populifolia Marsh.
cutleaf grapefern Botrychium dissectum Spreng.
mapleleaf goosefoot Chenopodium simplex (Torr.)Raf.
sweet woodreed Cinna arundinacea L.
downy milkpea Galactia volubilis (L.)Britt.
eastern teaberry Gaultheria procumbens L.
closed bottle gentian Gentiana andrewsii Griseb.