Flora and Fauna of Mannahatta

The flora and fauna list of native plants and vertebrate animals possibly found on Mannahatta in September 1609 is based on analysis of historical records, species lists and habitat relationships. Notes on methods and sources can be found in Mannahatta: A Natural History of New York City (Abrams 2009).

 

Species are organized by family and by likelihood that the species might have been found either on the island or within one-thousand meters of the shore. Click on the scientific name to learn more about the ecology of the species.

Key to Likelihood: **** = likely; *** = probable; ** = possible; ° = remotely possible

 
Family Name Common Name Scientific Name Likelihood
 
Balaenidae Northern Right Whale **
Balaenopteridae Minke Whale **
Finback Whale **
Humpback Whale **
Sei Whale °
Blue Whale °
Bovidae Bison °
Canidae Gray Wolf ****
Dog ****
Gray Fox ****
Red Fox **
Coyote °
Castoridae Beaver ****
Cervidae White-tailed Deer ****
Elk ***
Moose **
Delphinidae Short-beaked Common Dolphin ***
Long-finned Pilot Whale ***
Bottlenose Dolphin ***
Atlantic white-sided dolphin **
Striped Dolphin **
Risso’s Dolphin °
White-beaked Dolphin °
Killer Whale °
Pantropical Spotted Dolphin °
Didelphidae Virginia Opossum °
Erethizontidae Porcupine **
Felidae Bobcat ****
Mountain Lion ****
Canada Lynx °
Hominidae Human ****
Leporidae Eastern Cottontail ****
New England Cottontail ***
Snowshoe Hare **
Mephitidae Striped Skunk ****
Monodontidae Beluga °
Muridae Meadow Vole ****
Muskrat ****
White-footed Mouse ****
Deer Mouse ****
Southern Red-backed Vole ***
Pine Vole ***
Woodland Jumping Mouse ***
Meadow Jumping Mouse ***
Allegheny Woodrat **
Southern Bog Lemming **
Mustelidae North American River Otter ****
Mink ****
Fisher ***
Long-tailed Weasel ***
Wolverine **
Short-tailed Weasal (Ermine) **
Least weasel **
American Marten °
Phocidae Harbor Seal ****
Hooded Seal ***
Harp Seal **
Gray Seal °
Ringed Seal °
Phocoenidae Harbor Porpoise ****
Physeteridae Sperm Whale ***
Pygmy Sperm Whale **
Procyonidae Raccoon ****
Sciuridae Southern Flying Squirrel ****
Eastern Gray Squirrel ****
Eastern Chipmunk ****
Woodchuck ***
Red Squirrel ***
Fox Squirrel **
Northern Flying Squirrel °
Soricidae Northern Short-tailed Shrew ****
Masked Shrew ****
Least Shrew ***
Smoky Shrew ***
Talpidae Eastern Mole ****
Star-nosed Mole ***
Brewer’s Mole ***
Trichechidae Florida Manatee °
Ursidae American Black Bear ****
Vespertilionidae Big Brown Bat ****
Silver-haired Bat ****
Red Bat ****
Hoary Bat ****
Little Brown Bat ***
Northern Long-eared Bat ***
Eastern Pipistrelle ***
Eastern Small-footed Myotis **
Indiana Bat **
Ziphiidae Dense-beaked Whale **
Gervais’s Beaked Whale **
True’s Beaked Whale **
Cuvier’s Beaked Whale **